Human Rights Groups

THE ORGANIZATIONS LISTED BELOW REPRESENT SEVERAL CONSTITUENCIES AND POINTS OF VIEW, BUT ARE ALL COMMITTED TO SECURING THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF CIVILIANS WHO FIND THEMSELVES EMBROILED IN THE PALESTINIAN/ISRAELI CONFLICT BY VIRTUE OF GEOGRAPHY, FAMILY AND TRIBAL TIES, ETHNICITY OR MORAL CONVICTION. THE DESCRIPTION OF EACH GROUP’S MISSION IS TAKEN IN GREAT PART DIRECTLY FROM ITS WEB SITE.

Al Mubadara
www.almubadara.org
Al Mubadara is the Palestinian National Initiative for the implementation of Palestinian national rights and the creation of a durable, just peace.

Al Nakba Project
www.alnakbah.net
Palestinian Art Court – Al Hoash. Al Hoash has been a collaboration of thoughts and dreams that has finally emerged into a reality due to the hard work and beliefs of those involved in its creation. The Palestinian Art Court – Al Hoash is an independent non-profit organization, based in Jerusalem. It was founded and officially registered in Israel in June 2004 to form a core for a future Palestinian National gallery in Jerusalem, and to be a center dedicated to the preservation of Palestinian art, the advancement of Palestinian art and the creation of a professional continuous exhibition, in addition to being a source for Palestinian art knowledge. This organization will become the bridge that connects the cultural art movement in Jerusalem with all Palestinian cities, the Arab countries and the rest of the world. The Nakbah Project continues as the Nakbah continues. Planning for the installation of Return of the Soul in international venues during 2009 is being finalised now – particularly in the hope of bringing a wider and better understanding of the context of ongoing crisis for Palestinians in Gaza and indeed in the West Bank, as well as UNRWA camps in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and elsewhere.

Alternative Information Center
www.alternativenews.org
The Alternative Information Center (AIC) is an internationally oriented, progressive, joint Palestinian-Israeli activist organization. It is engaged in dissemination of information, political advocacy, grassroots activism and critical analysis of Palestinian and Israeli societies as well as the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. The AIC method of action develops from the awareness that local struggle must be practically and analytically situated within the framework of the global justice struggle.

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR PALESTINIAN EQUAL RIGHTS
www.aaper.org
The American Association for Palestinian Equal Rights Foundation is a nonprofit educational organization whose mission is to inform the American public about the human and national rights of the Palestinian people and the role of the United States in the Middle East. A number of influencial Israeli Zionist lobbying groups have dictated American discourse about Palestine and an inequitable U.S. policy toward Israel and Palestine that has tragically and dramatically failed the peoples of the United States, Israel, Palestine and beyond. AAPER Foundation was formed to provide an institution for those millions of Americans who believe in equality in Israel and Palestine, peace in the Middle East and an equitable U.S. policy toward Palestine that upholds the interests and ideals of the American people. Congressional resolutions have failed to hold Israel’s government either responsible or accountable for violations of Palestinian human rights.

AAPER Foundation believes that U.S. policy toward Israel and Palestine should: (1) support the rights of Palestinian Christians and Muslims to freedom and equality; (2) stand with those Israeli citizens and civic organizations that have demonstrated their commitment to equality and reconciliation between Israelis and Palestinians; and (3) support those Palestinians who seek freedom and equality through nonviolent actions against Israel’s occupation and discriminatory laws.

AAPER Foundation believes that it is up to Palestinians and Israelis to decide whether they should live in one state or two states. As Americans, we believe that our responsibility is not to negotiate detailed governmental structures or border arrangements for other countries, but rather to ensure that our government works to create an environment in which the parties can negotiate such matters based on the principle of equal rights, not unequal power.

AMERICANS FOR PEACE NOW
www.peacenow.org
APN is the premier voice for American Jews who support Israel and know that only peace will ensure Israel’s security, prosperity, and continued viability as a Jewish, democratic state. Grievances must be handled only through negotiated, non-violent means. APN supports the creation of a Palestinian state comprising the great majority of the West Bank and all of the Gaza Strip, consequently ending Israeli occupation of these areas. The Palestinian State must have territorial contiguity and so we reject the concept of cantonization. APN opposes continued investment in settlements and refusal to rein in renegade settlers who persist in establishing new settlements.

AMERICAN TASK FORCE ON PALESTINE
www.americantaskforce.org
The American Task Force on Palestine (ATFP) is a non-partisan organization based in Washington, DC. ATFP is dedicated to advocating that it is in the American national interest to promote an end to the conflict in the Middle East through a negotiated agreement that provides for two states – Israel and Palestine – living side by side in peace and security. The Task Force was established in 2003 to provide an independent voice for Palestinian-Americans and their supporters and to promote peace. AFTP president and founder is Dr. Ziad J. Asali. Board of Directors is made up of a large group of noted Palestinian-Americans who agree with these principles.

ATFP seeks to build strong working relationships with government departments and agencies, think tanks and NGOs and the media. It has developed lines of communication with the US, Palestinian, Israeli and Jordanian governments in order to pursue its policy advocacy goals. ATFP has also engaged in humanitarian fundraising to support health and education causes in the occupied Palestinian territories.
ATFP is strictly opposed to all acts of violence against civilians no matter the cause and no matter who the victims or perpetrators may be. The Task Force advocates the development of a Palestinian state that is democratic, pluralistic, non-militarized and neutral in armed conflicts.

ARAB AMERICAN INSTITUTE
www.arabamericaninstitute.org
The Arab American Institute (AAI) represents the policy and community interests of Arab Americans throughout the United States and strives to promote Arab American participation in the U.S. electoral system. AAI focuses on two areas: campaigns and elections and policy formation and research. The Institute strives to serve as a central resource to government officials, the media, political leaders and community groups and a variety of public policy issues that concern Arab Americans and U.S. – Arab relations.

BADIL
www.badil.org
Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Residency & Refugee Rights takes a rights-based approach to the Palestinian refugee issue through research, advocacy and support of community participation in the search for durable solutions.

BAT SHALOM
www.batshalom.org
In 1989, a meeting was convened in Brussels between prominent Israeli and Palestinian women peace activists that initiated an on-going dialogue that in 1994 resulted in the establishment of The Jerusalem Link comprising two women’s organizations-Bat Shalom on the Israeli side, and the Jerusalem Center for Women on the Palestinian side, a cooperative model of co-existence between our respective peoples.
Bat Shalom is an Israeli national feminist grassroots organization of Jewish and Palestinian Israeli women working together for a genuine peace grounded in a just resolution of the Israel-Palestine conflict, respect for human rights, and an equal voice for Jewish and Arab women within Israeli society.

We, the Jewish and Palestinian Israeli women of Bat Shalom, call upon all women to join our active struggle for peace and equality. We refuse to silently bear witness to the destruction of the hope and future of a peaceful reconciliation

BRIT TZEDEK V’SHALOM
www.btvshalom.org
Brit Tzedek v’Shalom is America’s largest grassroots Jewish organization dedicated to promoting a negotiated two-state resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This means promoting a U.S. foreign policy which supports Israel, the Palestinians, and the Arab states in making the difficult compromises that are needed for a negotiated solution.

Through our network of 45,000 supporters and over 1500 rabbis, we educate and organize the American Jewish community in support of Israel’s long term interest in peace. Our supporters are organized into a national chapter network and vibrant on-line activist community. Chapters advocate regularly with their Congress members, organize educational events in their local Jewish communities supported by our rabbinic network, and reach out to their local Jewish press.

B’Tselem
www.btselem.org
The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories was established in 1989 by a group of prominent academics, attorneys, journalists, and Knesset members. It endeavors to document and educate the Israeli public and policymakers about human rights violations in the Occupied Territories, combat the phenomenon of denial prevalent among the Israeli public, and help create a human rights culture in Israel. As an Israeli human rights organization, B’Tselem acts primarily to change Israeli policy in the Occupied Territories and ensure that its government, which rules the Occupied Territories, protects the human rights of residents there and complies with its obligations under international law.

CHURCHES for MIDDLE EAST PEACE
www.cmep.org
CMEP is a coalition of 22 public policy offices of national churches and agencies-Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant. CMEP began its work in 1984 out of the conviction that the policy perspectives and long Middle East experience of our member bodies should be more widely known in the public policy arena. We therefore seek to maintain an on-going dialogue with Congress, the Administration and the diplomatic community, to advance such concerns, assessments, and advocacy positions.

The work of Churches for Middle East Peace focuses on Washington in the knowledge that sound United States policy is crucial to achieving and maintaining just and stable relationships throughout the Middle East. In addition, CMEP seeks to help the members of our organizations advocate in a knowledgeable, timely and effective way their concerns about justice and peace for all people and countries in the region.
Among our principal advocacy concerns are: the avoidance and resolution of armed conflicts, human rights, arms control, foreign aid, and the unique nature of Jerusalem – sacred to Christians, Jews and Muslims.

COALITION of WOMEN for PEACE
www.coalitionofwomen.org/home/english
The Coalition of Women for Peace brings together independent women and 10 feminist peace organizations who work relentlessly for peace and justice. Founded in November 2000, after the outbreak of the Second Intifada, the Coalition today is a leading voice in the peace movement.

The Coalition is committed to the struggle to end the occupation; to the full involvement of women in peace negotiations; to an end to the excessive militarization of Israeli society; to equality, inclusion, and justice for Palestinian citizens of Israel; to equality and social justice for all inhabitants of Israel.

In addition to supporting the work of its member organizations, the Coalition carries out its own activities – mass rallies, campaigns and educational activity. It runs outreach and advocacy programs within Israeli society, and activities which involve solidarity and cooperation with Palestinian women in the occupied territories

DOCTORS for HUMAN RIGHTS ISRAEL
www.phr.org.il/phr/
Physicians For Human Rights-Israel was founded to insure the right of access to medical care, in Israel and the occupied territories. Human dignity, wellness of mind and body and the right to health are at the core of the world view of the organization and we direct our efforts on both the individual and general level. Our activities integrate advocacy and action against harmful policies confronting the delivery of adequate healthcare. Today Physicians For Human Rights-Israel has more than 1150 members, over half of whom are healthcare providers.
“The Association of Israeli and Palestinian Physicians For Human Rights” was established during the first Palestinian uprising in the occupied territories by a group of Israeli and Palestinian physicians – Dr, Ruchama Marton initiated the group and was the first Chairperson.
One of the association’s first activities was a visit to the hospitals in Gaza to protest against IDF refusal to allow the delivery of medical care to local inhabitants as a means of controlling the local population. In addition, we protested against doctor participation in the torture of Palestinian detainees.

Since the founding of Physicians for Human Rights-Israel we have expanded our activities and today call for social solidarity both within and outside of the borders of Israel, and run five major projects: the Occupied Territories Project, the Prisoners and Detainees Project, the Migrant Workers and Refugees Project, the Project for the Unrecognized Villages of the Negev, and the Residents of Israel Project. In addition, we run a mobile clinic in the Occupied Territories, and an open clinic in Tel Aviv that provides services for all within Israel who have no legal status and therefore no health insurance. The association believes that the combination of medical ethics and human rights serves as a moral touchstone for doctors who find themselves caught in conflicts between the system in which they work and the demands of their conscience. The foundation also acts in situations where medical ethics and human rights are challenged, as in the case of doctor participation in torture.

EARTH STEWARDS
www.earthstewards.org
The Earthstewards Network is a nonprofit international organization devoted to bringing positive change to our planet through the grassroots efforts of ordinary people. Our projects are oriented toward international, national, and personal conflict resolution and healing through citizen diplomacy efforts. Earth Stewards projects promote friendly relations between traditionally conflicting people by getting both sides together to do something positive and beneficial to all: planting trees. There have been many PeaceTrees projects completed so far around the world in places like Palestine.

FIVE FOR PALESTINE
www.fiveforpalestine.org
The Five for Palestine Campaign is a project of the American Association for Palestinian Equal Rights Foundation that asks you to support an equitable U.S. policy toward Palestine by taking 5 simple steps:

  1. Learn about the Campaign in 5 minutes, which you’re doing right now;
  2. Sign up for email updates in 5 seconds;
  3. Contribute just $5 a month to the Campaign so that it can educate more Americans about the situation in Palestine;
  4. Contact your Congressperson or Senators just 5 times per year to inform them about the situation in Palestine; and
  5. Recruit 5 family members, friends or colleagues to do the exact same things.

If everyone does their small part, then, together, we will change the world!

FREE PALESTINE ALLIANCE
www.freepalestinealliance.org
The Palestine Alliance (FPA) is an integral part of the Palestinian Arab Community in the United States, affirming that the Palestinian Arab people constitute an indivisible unit naturally bound to the land of Palestine despite the passage of time and the onset of colonial rules, and in spite various agreements, programs or entities attempting to sever that unbreakable union, recognizes that the struggle for Palestine is a joint responsibility of the Arab people as a whole, and an integral part of the peace, justice, solidarity and liberation movements worldwide.
The FPA values its partnership role in the struggle within constitutional means for a just society in the United States in shaping political agenda and defending civil rights and liberties of all; and fully recognizes the struggle for justice of oppressed communities and movements. Accordingly, the FPA considers itself a component in the vision for a just future and a United States that is at peace with itself and the world.

Political Program

  1. A Secular Democratic State is a Just and Historical Imperative.
  2. Ending the Occupation is a Due Right.
  3. Full Right to Return is Fundamental.
  4. The Palestinian Struggle is Universal.
  5. The Struggle against Zionism is Primary.
  6. The Palestinian Struggle is International.
  7. The National Struggle is Linked to all Socio-Economic Struggles.
  8. Winning the Struggle of Narratives.
  9. Formulating Relevant Programs to achieve these goals.
  10. Divestment, Corporate Boycott, and Ending all Support to Israel. FPA affirms that the struggle of the Palestinian people is natural to all movements seeking peace and justice worldwide; and emphasizes the inextricable centrality of Palestine in all formulations against war, subjugation and empire.

Free Gaza Movement
www.freegaza.org
Since August 2008, the Free Gaza Movement has sailed from Cyprus to the Gaza Strip on several successful voyages, bringing in international witnesses to see first hand the devastating effects of Israeli violence against the Palestinian people. Ours are the first international boats to journey to Gaza since 1967 volunteering in Gaza and the West Bank at the invitation of Palestinians to break the siege of Gaza and raise international awareness about the prison-like closure of the Gaza Strip and pressure the international community to review its sanctions policy and end its support for continued Israeli occupation. We want to uphold Palestine’s right to welcome internationals as visitors, human rights observers, humanitarian aid workers, journalists, or otherwise.

FRIENDS of SABEEL – North America
www.fosna.org
FOSNA promotes awareness and understanding of the conflict between the Palestinians and the State of Israel through educational programs for North American Christians, engaging them and their churches in efforts to nurture relationships with the indigenous Palestinian Christians of Palestine whose existence is threatened by political conflict. FOSNA seeks reconciliation between peoples of the Holy Land in a vision of peace based on principles for a just peace as defined in the Jerusalem Sabeel Document, which emphasizes from a moral, legal, and theological basis the urgency of ending U.S. support for Israel’s illegal military occupation.

GLOBAL BDS MOVEMENT
www.bdsmovement.net
BDS Movement.net is born out of the need to offer all those interested and active in the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement a shared space for information, analysis, exchange of ideas and experiences. This website is overseen by the steering committee of the Palestinian BDS National Committee and has been adopted as a tool of the ICNP (International Coordinating Network on Palestine) to support efforts of networking and coordination.

Since the Unified Palestinian call for BDS, launched in July 2005, BDS initiatives have been multiplying all over the world. Building and strengthening a global BDS movement has become a core aim for many involved in today’s solidarity work for Palestine. As well as the growth of diverse actions on the ground, an increasing number of websites are taking up the issue. This site aims to give an overview of the Palestinian calls for BDS, the myriad local initiatives and resources online, related background information and analysis to inform and guide visitors and activists.

GUSH SHALOM
www.gush-shalom.org
The primary aim of Gush Shalom is to influence Israeli public opinion and lead it towards peace and conciliation with the Palestinian people, based on the following principles:

  • Putting an end to the occupation,
  • Accepting the right of the Palestinian people to establish an independent and sovereign State of Palestine in all the territories occupied by Israel in 1967,
  • Reinstating the pre-1967 “Green Line” as the border between the State of Israel and the State of Palestine (with possible minor exchanges of territories agreed between the parties); the border will be open for the free movement of people and goods, subject to mutual agreement.
  • Establishing Jerusalem as the capital of the two states, with East Jerusalem (including the Haram al-Sharif) serving as the capital of Palestine and West Jerusalem (including the Western Wall) serving as the capital of Israel. The city is to be united on the physical and municipal level, based on mutual agreement.
  • Recognizing in principle the Right of Return of the Palestinian refugees, allowing each refugee to choose freely between compensation and repatriation to Palestine and Israel, and fixing by mutual agreement the number of refugees who will be able to return to Israel in annual quotas, without undermining the foundations of Israel.
  • Safeguarding the security of both Israel and Palestine by mutual agreement and guarantees.
    Striving for overall peace between Israel and all Arab countries and the creation of a regional union.

HOLY LAND TRUST
www.holylandtrust.org
Holy Land Trust revived the work of The Palestinian Center for the Study of Nonviolence (PCSN). The PCSN was established in East Jerusalem in1984 by Dr. Mubarak Awad. Seeking to educate communities on nonviolent solutions to conflict in the Middle East and advocating a campaign of civil disobedience against Israeli occupation of Palestinian territories, Awad spent three years giving talks on nonviolent resistance in the West Bank. The PCSN engaged in many activities and protests. These included planting olive trees on Palestinian lands that were under threat of confiscation from Israeli colonial expansion plans, supporting the right of Palestinian family reunification, promoting boycott campaigns of Israeli products, being actively involved in the lead up to the Palestinian parliamentary elections in 1996 and launching a campaign to open homes sealed by the Israeli occupation.

In June 1988, a few months after the outbreak of the first Palestinian Uprising (Intifadah), Dr. Awad was arrested and deported by the Israeli government. He was forcibly expelled despite strong opposition from the U.S. Administration, which advocated Dr. Awad’s right to stay in Palestine and petitioned the Israeli government to reverse the deportation order. In Washington D.C., Awad currently heads Nonviolence International an organization dedicated to strengthening the global nonviolent movement.

One of the first programs established by Holy Land Trust was the Peace and Reconciliation Program, a program that promoted Palestinian nonviolent resistance to the Israeli occupation and nonviolent community building within the Palestinian Society. This program has evolved tremendously since the second Palestinian Intifadah broke out in the year 2000 and has now been re-named “HLT’s Nonviolence Programs”.

Interfaith Peace Builders
www.ifpbdel.org
Peace-Builders fosters a network of informed and active individuals who understand the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United States’ political, military, and economic role in it. To build and nurture such a network, we lead delegations of people from diverse backgrounds to Israel/Palestine. These delegations emphasize listening to and learning from those immersed in the reality of the conflict, and advancing the work of Israelis and Palestinians committed to nonviolent struggle and peace with justice. We seek to empower delegates to educate their local communities and the media, counter unfair or inaccurate stereotypes, and advocate for a more just US foreign policy that:

  • affirms political self-determination for Palestinians and Israelis
  • fosters economic and environmental sustainability in the region
  • supports a diplomatic resolution to the conflict rather than one imposed by force of arms and actively promotes civil, political and human rights

INTERNATIONAL WOMEN’S PEACE SERVICE
www.iwps.info/en/index.php
IWPS-Palestine:

  • Train and support an international team of women as a continuous presence in Palestine.
  • Monitor and appropriately alert the world community to human rights abuses in the Salfit area and to intervene with nonviolence to prevent abuses.
  • Effect change in world opinion towards an end to the Occupation, and to lessen the sense of isolation and despair of the Palestinian people.
  • Seek and implement nonviolent alternatives to conflict in the Occupied Territories / Palestine. Support nonviolent civil resistance by Palestinians and Israelis, and to create space for people to become more involved in resistance.
  • Offer supportive accompaniment to Palestinian civilians in the occupied territories.
  • Provide an experiential model for setting up further international women’s peace teams in other areas.

ISRAELI COMMITTEE AGAINST HOUSE DEMOLITIONS
www.icahd.org
ICAHD is a non-violent, direct-action group originally established to oppose and resist Israeli demolition of Palestinian houses in the Occupied Territories. As our activists gained direct knowledge of the brutalities of the Occupation, we expanded our resistance activities to other areas – land expropriation, settlement expansion, by-pass road construction, policies of “closure” and “separation,” the wholesale uprooting of fruit and olive trees and resistance and protest actions in the Occupied Territories; efforts to bring the reality of the Occupation to Israeli society; and mobilizing the international community for a just peace. ICAHD members physically block bulldozers sent to demolish homes. ICAHD also conducts informational tours of the Occupied Territories and from a critical peace perspective, sends speakers on informational tours and participates in international conferences and gatherings.

ICAHD aids Palestinians in filing police claims, in dealing with the Israeli authorities, in arranging and subsidizing legal assistance. ICAHD also cooperates with other human rights organizations to present legal challenges to Israeli actions and policies in the Occupied Territories.

The Goal: A Just and Sustainable Peace.

Israeli Council for Israeli-Palestine Peace
other_israel.tripod.com/ICIPP.html
ICIPP, the Israeli Council for Israeli-Palestinian Peace, was formed in late 1975 by a group of prominent Israeli Zionists as a private Israeli initiative in response to signs of moderation that they perceived in the Palestinian national movement and that the Israeli Government seemed intent on ignoring. Among the founders of the Israeli Council were the late Major General Matti Peled, who had been a member of the general staff of the Israeli Defense Forces in 1967; the well-known journalist Uri Avneri; and the late economist Dr. Ya’akov Arnon, a former head of the Dutch Zionist Federation and director-general of the Israeli Finance Ministry.

In February 1976 the founders of ICIPP published a Manifesto in which they set forth their belief that Israel should challenge the PLO to make peace on the basis of Israeli withdrawal from the territories occupied in June 1967, the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza, and carefully negotiated agreements to guarantee the security of Israel, taking as a model the agreements negotiated with Egypt when Israel withdrew from the Sinai. In addition, ICIPP has never forgotten that even after Israeli withdrawal to the 1967 borders, many Palestinians will continue to live in Israeli territory, and that Israel, by abolishing all discriminatory laws and practices, must make it possible for these Palestinians to feel themselves truly equal citizens of Israel.

Jewish Friends of Palestine
www.jewishfriendspalestine.org
The Jewish Friends of Palestine project is meant for individuals and organizations that identify themselves as being “Jewish” – religiously, ethnically, culturally… Among such Jewish organizations and individuals are those that advocate the bare minimum requirements for a sustainable peace for Israel/Palestine, an end to the Israeli occupation of the Territories conquered in 1967, and a willingness to share Jerusalem.

The vast majority of sites and individuals represented on this website represent various shades of Left-wing opinion, most of which do not question Israel’s right to exist with peace and security within its pre-1967 borders. Also included are a number of sites that express more controversial viewpoints, such as supporting a “one state solution” (the unification of Israel and Palestine into one secular state with all peoples, Arab and Jewish, having identical rights and opportunities, organizations of religious Torah Jews that consider Israel and Zionism a heresy, Jewish Bundist survivors that oppose the concept of Zionism on ideological grounds, Classical Reform organizations that reject the Zionist advocacy of a “Jewish nationality”, but define Judaism as strictly a religion…

There is a diversity and broad array of Jewish perspectives that support a free Palestine. The hope is that while virtually everyone will find at least a couple sites that they strongly disagree with, at the same time, hopefully they will also find a number of sites with which they agree and decide to associate with. Contrary to the commonly held view that only the progressive organizations question the continued occupation, as the Intifada continues and Likud repeatedly fails in every respect to stop it, many others who do not necessarily look kindly on the Jewish Left are beginning to privately question whether or not ending the occupation would be a reasonable price to pay for a sustainable peace. We hope that people of this ilk find something useful here as well.

Jewish Voice for Peace
www.jewishvoiceforpeace.org
Through grassroots organizing, education, advocacy, and media, Jewish Voice for Peace works to achieve a lasting peace that recognizes the rights of both Israelis and Palestinians for security and self-determination. Join us in our efforts to promote a U.S. foreign policy based on peace, democracy, human rights, and respect for international law.

Jews for Justice in the Middle East
www.cactus48.com/truth.html
Being Jewish, we present a position which is critical of Zionism but is in no way anti-Semitic. We do not believe that the Jews acted worse than any other group might have acted in their situation. The Zionists (who were a distinct minority of the Jewish people until after WWII) had an understandable desire to establish a place where Jews could be masters of their own fate, given the bleak history of Jewish oppression. Especially as the danger to European Jewry crystalized in the late 1930’s and after, the actions of the Zionists were propelled by real desperation.

But so were the actions of the Arabs. The mythic “land without people for a people without land” was already home to 700,000 Palestinians in 1919. This is the root of the problem, as we shall see. This paper outlines the history of Palestine to show how this process occurred and what a moral solution to the region’s problems should consist of. If you care about the people of the Middle East, Jewish and Arab, you owe it to yourself to read this account of the other side of the historical record.

Joint Advocacy Initiative
http://www.jai-pal.org
The East Jerusalem YMCA and YWCA of Palestine are committed to a community vision based on the universal values of justice, love, peace, tolerance, non-discrimination, and human dignity; realizing Christian principles, which embody openness to all religions in a spirit of love and service, to bring about the transformation of society.

Within this current political situation we see the need to concentrate local, regional, and international efforts in order to recover the rights of our people and to build an independent viable democratic state where transparency, equity, and social justice may prevail.

JAI goal:

  • The Joint Advocacy Initiative (JAI) work aims to bring about change at the local level through involving Palestinian organizations and individuals to work to gain their basic rights and to engage in processes to effect social change.
  • At the international level, its work aims to channel changes in the World YWCA/YMCA, CROs and civil society organizations to create a global movement that puts pressure on Israel to implement international law and respond to the UN resolutions concerning the occupation of Palestine by exposing injustice and guiding actions.
  • JAI has mobilized two new YWCA/YMCA movements, ICROs and civil society organizations to advocate against the restrictions that hinder civil society development, humanitarian work, and local YWCA/YMCA operations in Palestine. In addition, JAI will increase and improve the involvement of YWCA/YMCAs and other organizations already involved, engage 350 YWCA/YMCA, Church members, and other constituents in resistance by sponsoring 8,000 olive trees and participating in other OTC activities as a way to Keep Hope Alive, and participate in developing a platform and forum for civil society organizations, CROs and youth groups to engage in dialogue and activities concerning peace, democracy and advocacy issues that unify their voice concerning the rights of Palestinians.

JUST PEACE HOLY LAND
www.jphl.org
Utahns for a Just Peace in the Holy Land is a coalition of peace advocates, civil and human rights advocates, faith based individuals, and others who promote peace with justice in Israel and Palestine. We believe that a true and lasting peace in the region cannot be imposed, instead peace must be based on justice as already set forth by international law and United Nations Resolutions.

We are committed to nonviolent social change and support the right of both Israel and Palestine to exist in peace within secure and recognized boundaries. Our goal is to inform, educate, and mobilize the public by providing balanced and accurate information on the conflict and by calling attention to our government’s supporting role in continuing the illegal Israeli occupation. We support an end to U.S. military and economic aid to Israel until Israel ends the occupation and complies with UN Resolutions and U.S. and international law. We are affiliated with the National Campaign to End Israeli Occupation. We are the Utah Chapter of Friends of Sabeel, North America.

Khalil Sakakini Cultural Center
http://www.sakakini.org
The Khalil Sakakini Cultural Centre Foundation is a non-governmental, non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion of arts and culture in Palestine. The Sakakini was founded in 1996, and is located in Ramallah in a restored traditional mansion. The Sakakini works in three areas: The visual arts, Palestinian identity & narrative, and holding regular public activities such as: Art exhibits, concerts, literary events, film screenings, children’s activities, & lectures.

Our goals & areas of work are:

  • Nurturing the visual arts: Developing visual artists’ creative skills, nurturing new talents, and exhibiting and collecting art works.
  • Recording & disseminating Palestinian narrative: Organizing projects that express intimately and creatively the Palestinian experience. Developing programs exploring Palestinian cultural heritage, and collective memory.
  • Energizing cultural life: Organizing regular, diverse, and public art events. Organizing outreach programs to encourage the emergence of new audiences for the arts in various segments of society, and age groups. As such, the Sakakini conducts 6-8 activities monthly ranging from concerts, art exhibits, book readings, poetry readings, kids activities, film screenings, and other seasonal programs. In addition to long term projects in the three fields described above. The Sakakini also transfers some of its activities outside of Ramallah, such as to Bir Zeit, Gaza City, and Bethlehem, to break the Israeli siege.

Machsom Watch
www.machsomwatch.org
Machsom Watch in existence since 2001, is an organisation of peace activist Israeli women against the Israeli Occupation of the territories and the systematic repression of the Palestinian nation. We call for Palestinian freedom of movement within their own territory and for an end to the Occupation that destroys Palestinian society and inflicts grievous harm on Israeli society.

NCALISM
www.norcalism.org
The Northern California International Solidarity Movement Support Group is regionally based in the San Francisco Bay area of Northern California, and is intended primarily to serve International Solidarity Movement volunteers from this area. However, candidates from anywhere, who may not have their own local support group, are welcome to participate.

Activities and Services:

  1. To recruit volunteers to participate in ISM actions in Palestine [and to support the local activities of the ISM Support Group in Northern California].
  2. To prepare and to support ISM volunteers before, during and after for service in ISM actions in Palestine, through orientation, counseling and training, [liaison, debriefing and reporting opportunities, and with an action alert system for emergencies in Palestine].
  3. To provide media liaison and outreach, e.g. press releases and arrange news conferences, especially for volunteers in or returning from Palestine.
  4. To provide equipment, communication and limited logistics for volunteers in Palestine.
  5. To assist in fundraising for volunteers going to Palestine.
  6. To provide community outreach by offering speakers, programs and events to disseminate information about ISM activities and about Palestine.
  7. To work with other local groups with similar objectives, to support their activities which are consistent with those of ISM, and to seek their support for ISM activities.
  8. To maintain contact with returning ISM volunteers from the Bay Area and Northern California and to create opportunities for them to share their experiences and continue their solidarity efforts.

NEW JERSEY SOLIDARITY—ACTIVISTS for the LIBERATION of PALESTINE
www.newjerseysolidarity.org
New Jersey Solidarity—Activists for the Liberation of Palestine is a grassroots organization dedicated to resistance and action in support of the Palestinian struggle for justice, national liberation, human rights and self-determination. We are dedicated to building coalitions, educating the public, spreading awareness, and organizing actions and events that highlight the pressing need for justice and spotlight ways in which we may take part in securing meaningful justice in Palestine. We are committed to standing in solidarity with the liberation struggle of the Palestinian people, supporting Palestinian resistance, and developing a strong and united resistance movement in the United States in solidarity with the liberation of Palestine.

As a movement, we are committed to standing firmly against racism and all forms of oppression, and to working in solidarity with liberation struggles of people around the world against imperialism and colonialism. We draw lessons and inspiration from earlier and continuing movements for liberation within the United States and around the world, and from the history of Palestinian resistance. Within the United States, we are committed to acting against all forms and structures of oppression, standing in solidarity with all movements for justice, and securing a foreign policy that rejects imperialism and embraces international human rights and economic and social justice. We are dedicated to exposing and highlighting the role of the United States in furthering injustice and oppression in Palestine, and call for an immediate end to all U.S. aid—political, military and economic—to Israel. We recognize our natural solidarity with all anti-racist struggles and the struggles of indigenous peoples and will work to expand our links of solidarity.

ONE VOICE MOVEMENT
www.onevoicemovement.org
The OneVoice Movement is an international mainstream grassroots movement with over 650,000 signatories in roughly equal numbers both in Israel and in Palestine, and 2,000 highly-trained youth leaders. It aims to amplify the voice of Israeli and Palestinian moderates, empowering them to seize back the agenda for conflict resolution and demand that their leaders achieve a two-state solution guaranteeing the end of occupation, establishing a viable independent Palestinian state, and ensuring the safety and security of the state of Israel – allowing both people to live in peace with all their neighbors.

PROGRAMMING TRACKS
OneVoice’s approach is designed to appeal to the enlightened self-interest of the Israeli and Palestinian people. The majority of people on both sides realize that they have everything to gain by ensuring the independence and security of ‘the other’ and thus are prepared to compromise in order to do so. OneVoice, consequently, is in a unique position to engage all sectors of each society in our work – from right to left and religious to secular.

OneVoice recognizes that one of the most powerful ways to empower moderate constituencies is to demonstrate to them that they have an engaged partner on the other side. Thus, OneVoice’s initiatives include a number of programs along four tracks:
The Israeli and Palestinian tracks address the unique issues facing each society. The Regional track focuses on cooperative development and education through joint Palestinian and Israeli programming. The International track is geared towards promoting mutual understanding among all global citizens. These tracks are essential in strengthening the role of civil society -regionally and throughout the world – in crafting a viable and comprehensive resolution for both peoples.

Palestine Solidarity Project
www.palestinesolidarityproject.org
Palestine Solidarity Project is a Palestinian project dedicated to opposing the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land through non-violent direct action. PSP is envisioned as a project dedicated to supporting Palestinian communities resisting the Israeli Occupation. We also believe firmly in the concept of ”steadfastness” as a form of resistance. For many of the communities we work with, simply remaining on their land in the face of intimidation, violence, economic strangulation, and a history of forced displacement, is an act of resistance.

Points of Unity:
All Palestinians have an absolute right to control their own lives economically, politically, and socially. All international laws, conventions, and UN resolutions regarding Palestine and all peoples under occupation should be upheld.

Our Message:
Peace and security are rights not just for some of us, but for all the people of the world. Controlling another person’s life, possessions, future, and thoughts is a crime and a humiliation. We have dreams and hopes of freedom, so we are inviting all the people of the world to stand with us and share in our struggle for freedom.

Palestinian Centre for Human Rights
www.pchrgaza.org
The Centre is an independent Palestinian human rights organization (registered as a non-profit Ltd. Company) based in Gaza City. The Centre enjoys Consultative Status with the ECOSOC of the United Nations. It is an affiliate of the International Commission of Jurists-Geneva, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) – Paris, Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network – Copenhagen, Arab Organization for Human Rights – Cairo, and International Legal Assistance Consortium (ILAC) Stockholm. It is a recipient of the 1996 French Republic Award on Human Rights and the 2002 Bruno Kreisky Award for Outstanding Achievements in the Area of Human Rights. The Centre was established in 1995 by a group of Palestinian lawyers and human rights activists to:

  • Protect human rights and promote the rule of law in accordance with international standards.
  • Create and develop democratic institutions and an active civil society, while promoting democratic culture within Palestinian society.
  • Support all the efforts aimed at enabling the Palestinian people to exercise its inalienable rights in regard to self-determination and independence in accordance with international Law and UN resolutions.

The work of the Centre is conducted through documentation and investigation of human rights violations, provision of legal aid and counseling for both individuals and groups, and preparation of research articles relevant to such issues as the human rights situation and the rule of law. The Centre also provides comments on Palestinian Draft Laws and urges the adoption of legislation that incorporates international human rights standards and basic democratic principles. To achieve its goals, the Centre has recruited a committed staff of well-known human rights lawyers and activists.

PEACE ALLIANCE
www.thepeacealliance.org
The Peace Alliance is a nonpartisan citizen action organization representing a growing constituency for peace. Our mission is to empower civic activism for a culture of peace. Our vision is a future in which the practical programs and principles of peacebuilding are the bedrock of our personal, national and global interest and investment. Our goal is to take the field of peacebuilding from the margins of the political and societal dialogue and bring it to its rightful place: Central to our policymaking, investment and understanding. We achieve this primarily through a massive public education, outreach and citizen lobbying effort.

Our current focus is the campaign for a cabinet-level U.S. Department of Peace. Peace is an issue critical to our national and human security. Either we continue reactively addressing ever-increasing levels of violence and the consequent human and economic costs, or we take a fresh approach. This isn’t about the politics of left or right; it is about what is practical and effective. We must create the possibility for applied peacebuilding to identify and resolve conflict before it erupts into violence. The science of peacebuilding has significantly expanded over the past 30 years, creating previously unavailable tools for dismantling violence.

the PEOPLE’S VOICE.ORG
www.thepeoplesvoice.org/TPV3/News.php/main-28
Mission:

  • To inform the public about news and information, often missing from the corporate media.
  • To provide people with a way of expressing their views publicly concerning issues that effect the quality of life, our freedoms, and our environment.

Other areas of interest also include, but are not limited to articles about; politics, human rights, economic, democratic, scientific, and social justice issues.

Rabbis for Human Rights
http://www.rabbisforhumanrights.org
All those reading this newsletter, those who agonize over the unending oppression of both the Israeli and the Palestinian people by the injustice and violence of the conflict in the Middle East, it is essential to realize that a just peace (actually, anything approaching peace) will not arrive through a clever advertising campaign, or the much desired departure of an incalcitrant leader. It may not come during our lifetime, or even that of our children. Like Moses, who tended sheep in Midian for many years, we will have to channel our passions into the slow but steady job of daily nurturing our flocks.

Rachel Corrie Foundation
www.rachelcorriefoundation.org
The Rachel Corrie Foundation for Peace and Justice continues the work that Rachel Corrie began and hoped to accomplish, and carries out that work with her vision, spirit, and creative energy in mind. We conduct and support programs that foster connections between people, that build understanding, respect, and appreciation for differences, and that promote cooperation within and between local and global communities. The foundation encourages and supports grassroots efforts in pursuit of human rights and social, economic, and environmental justice, which we view as pre-requisites for world peace.

OUR GOALS

  • EDUCATION: We conduct and support projects that educate for peace and justice.
  • CONNECTIONS: We conduct and support projects that foster connections and understanding between peoples on global and local levels with initial and continuing emphasis in the Middle East.
  • ART AND THE WRITTEN WORD: We conduct and support projects that promote the use of art and the written word in fostering justice and peace.
  • GRASSROOTS PARTICIPATION: We conduct and support projects that educate for, encourage, and facilitate active, individual grassroots participation in bringing to fruition a positive world vision.

STOP AIPAC
www.stopaipac.org
This website grew out of an effort to protest policies promoted by AIPAC by a group of peace and justice activists in the San Francisco Bay Area. By organizing a visible protest at AIPAC “membership events” we hope to encourage debate about U.S. policy and to discredit the false perception that AIPAC speaks for most Americans or any particular ethnic group. Furthermore, we condemn the promotion of the politics of militarism, occupation, and empire, and endeavor to replace those priorities of the status quo with a just and peaceful foreign policy based on fairness and international law. We also desire that U.S. resources be used to support real human needs at home and abroad. We actively oppose all forms of racism, and oppose any effort to scapegoat any ethnic group for the world’s ills. This website is part of that effort.

We Support U.S. policies that uphold international law and oppose those that are contrary. We condemn violence committed by the State of Israel against Palestinian civilians, and by Palestinian groups against Israeli civilians. We recognize the right of all peoples to live in safety and security. We support the use of nonviolent resistance and believe that all parties in a conflict are obligated to respect human life and dignity. We recognize that it is the special responsibility of an occupying power, as the most powerful party and often the only one with significant armed forces, to act in conformity with its moral and legal obligations and ensure its power is not misused. All signatories to the Fourth Geneva Convention, including Israel and the U.S, acknowledge this responsibility.

Accordingly, we support holds that the U.S. must oppose all Israeli actions and policies that violate international law, including but not limited to:

  1. occupation of territories acquired by force of arms or coercion;
  2. alteration of the legal, physical or demographic status of occupied territories;
  3. denial of collective social rights, including normal economic, political and educational activity and freedom of movement;
  4. violations of human rights, including assassinations, imprisonment without charges, torture, denial of habeas corpus, collective punishment, and destruction of homes, orchards, farmland, and other property;
  5. denial of equal protection under the law, regardless of race, religion or ethnicity; and
  6. denial of refugee rights, including the right of return.
  7. We further affirm that U.S. foreign aid must not support or facilitate the violation of international law by its recipients, including Israel

STOP the WALL
www.stopthewall.org
The Palestinian grassroots Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign is a coalition of Palestinian non governmental organizations and popular committees that mobilize and coordinate efforts on local, national and international levels. These efforts are focused upon stopping and dismantling the Apartheid Wall, and resisting Israeli occupation and colonization.

A call for a coordinated, popular, and grassroots effort to tear down the Wall came out of Jerusalem on the 2nd of October 2002, from the office of the Palestinian Environmental NGOs Network (PENGON). From this moment the Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign was born. The Campaign initiated its work on three levels: acting as the voice of communities locally; mobilization and coordination nationally; and additionally as part of the global struggle against colonization, war and racism.

Since its inception the Campaign has been the main national grassroots body mobilizing and organizing resistance against the Apartheid Wall. This growing responsibility, and the need for people from affected communities to be more involved in decision-making, necessitated a change in the Campaign’s structure. Now the Campaign is working as an independent body with its own board. It presently coordinates the work of 54 popular committees in communities which will be (and are being) destroyed by the Wall.

Ta’ayush

We—Arab and Jewish citizens of Israel—live surrounded by walls and barbed wire: the walls of segregation, racism, and discrimination between Jews and Arabs within Israel; the walls of closure and siege encircling the Palestinians in the occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip; and the wall of war surrounding all inhabitants of Israel, so long as Israel remains an armed fortress in the heart of the Middle East.

In the fall of 2000 we joined together to form “Ta’ayush” (Arabic for “life in common”), a grassroots movement of Arabs and Jews working to break down the walls of racism and segregation by constructing a true Arab-Jewish partnership. A future of equality, justice and peace begins today, between us, through concrete, daily actions of solidarity to end the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories and to achieve full civil equality for all Israeli citizens.

Tikun Olam
www.richardsilverstein.com/tikun_olam
I’ve been writing Tikun Olam since February, 2003. It’s one of the earliest liberal Jewish blogs. It focuses on Israeli-Palestinian peace but includes commentary on U.S. politics…Jewish life, literature, and culture. I also created the Israel Palestine Forum, a discussion forum for progressives about the I-P conflict. Israel Palestine Blogs aggregates 40 peace blogs writing about the conflict…The rightist demand that the PA recognize Israel as a Jewish state is of course a ridiculous pose. In essence, it demands that the Palestinians give up any negotiating leverage BEFORE negotiations begin. It means entirely giving up the Right of Return BEFORE negotiations begin. And it means giving up those important principles BEFORE getting ANYTHING in return from the Israelis. A note about the term ‘pro-Israel’ as used in this blog. I consider myself pro-Israel. However, this term has been hijacked by Israel lobby groups like AIPAC. I’ve found it difficult to come up with an all-round phrase to characterize those who are right-wing regarding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. So if you read the term “pro-Israel” with an adjective like “nationalist,” “extremist,” “right-wing,” etc. please know that it’s not the term “pro-Israel” that I’m disparaging but a particular type of right-wing perspective on Israeli-Palestinian politics.

US Campaign To End The Occupation
www.endtheoccupation.org
The US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation is a diverse coalition working for freedom from occupation and equal rights for all by challenging U.S. policy towards the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The US Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation is based on human rights and international law, providing a non-sectarian framework for everyone who supports its Call to Action. Its strategy is to inform, educate, and mobilize the public so as to change the U.S. role in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to support peace, justice, human rights, and international law.

Vermonters for a Just Peace in Palestine/Israel
http://www.vtjp.org
Vermonters for a Just Peace in Palestine/Israel work to support the survival of the Palestinian people and put an end to the illegal…Israeli occupation through education, advocacy, and action. We are committed to the principles of self-determination for the Palestinian people, the right of return for Palestinian refugees, and full civil and political rights for all Palestinians in order to promote the equality and safety of both Palestinians and Israelis.

We oppose the Israeli occupation of Palestine… the systematic destruction of roads, houses, orchards, workshops… and essential institutions that people need to go on living normal lives… and the assassination of Palestinian leaders. Peace must come about in Palestine/Israel. We believe that the only way peace can be reached is if Israel removes its troops from Palestine, stops its campaign of terroristic assassinations and disruption of Palestinian life, and prepares to live with its Palestinian neighbors on terms of mutual respect.

We Americans can influence Israel’s behavior. The United States sends billions of dollars to Israel, every year as the largest recipient of foreign aid… Israel’s supporters spend millions to influence public opinion, and many politicians get big contributions from Israel’s lobbyists. We Americans must let our leaders know that we want America to stop supporting Israel’s failed policies.

Women in Black
www.womeninblack.org
Women in Black… is a world-wide network of women committed to peace with justice and actively opposed to injustice, war, militarism and other forms of violence. As women experiencing these things in different ways in different regions of the world, we support each other’s movements. An important focus is challenging the militarist policies of our own governments. We are not an organisation, but a means of communicating and a formula for action.

WiB vigils
Any group of women anywhere in the world at any time may organize a Women in Black vigil against any manifestation of violence, militarism or war. Women in Black (WiB) actions are generally women only. Our actions often take the form of women wearing black, standing in a public place in silent, non-violent vigils at regular times and intervals, carrying placards and handing out leaflets.

A worldwide movement
It is impossible to know exactly how many Women in Black groups exist, how many women they include and how many actions have been held. When Women in Black in Israel/Palestine, as part of a coalition of Women for a Just Peace, called for vigils in June 2001 against the Occupation of Palestinian lands, at least 150 WiB groups across the world responded. Countries reporting vigils included: Australia…..and the USA. The organisers estimate that altogether 10,000 women may have been involved.

World Council of Churches
www.oikoumene.org
The World Council of Churches (WCC) is the broadest and most inclusive among the many organized expressions of the modern ecumenical movement, a movement whose goal is Christian unity. The WCC brings together 349 churches, denominations and church fellowships in more than 110 countries and territories throughout the world, representing over 560 million Christians. As members of this fellowship, WCC member churches are called to the goal of visible unity in one faith and one eucharistic fellowship, promote their common witness in work for mission and evangelism, engage in Christian service by serving human need, break down barriers between people, seek justice and peace, uphold the integrity of creation, and foster renewal in unity, worship, mission and service. As well as worshipping together Sunday by Sunday, the Christian communities reach out to the society through offering educational opportunities, clinics, refugee support, social services and reconciliation projects. Christians are in need of encouragement and assurance to maintain a Christian presence in the land in which Jesus lived.

The Palestine Israel Ecumenical Forum (PIEF) was launched by WCC in 2007 to end the illegal occupation in accordance with UN resolutions, and demonstrate its commitment to inter-religious action for peace and to justice that serves all peoples of the region. The Ecumenical Accompaniment Programme in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI) seeks to support local and international efforts to end the Israeli occupation and bring a resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict with a just peace, based on international law and relevant United Nations resolutions.

Yesh Gvul
www.yeshgvul.org
Yesh Gvul (“There is a limit!”) is an Israeli peace group campaigning against the occupation by backing soldiers who refuse duties of a repressive or aggressive nature. The brutal role of the Israeli army in subjugating the Palestinian population places numerous servicemen in a grave moral and political dilemma, as they are required to enforce policies they deem illegal, immoral and ultimately harmful to Israeli interests. A notably high ratio of refuseniks are combat officers (ranking from sergeant to major) i.e. soldiers who have served with distinction. Yesh Gvul is a small group with limited resources, human and financial. But the unique thrust of its campaign has galvanized the broader peace movement, inspiring it with the moral example set by individuals prepared to suffer for their convictions. Yesh Gvul with its own slogan advocates action: “We don’t shoot, we don’t cry, and we don’t serve in the occupied territories !”—setting the group in the vanguard of the Israeli peace movement.

With members drawn from a range of political views, Yesh Gvul is not bound to any specific peace program. Its overall aim is to combat the misuse of the IDF (Israel Defense Force) for unworthy ends, and terminate the occupation. The group is united on the “two-state” solution, as the key to peaceful resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, in the interests of both peoples.

Yesh Gvul supports selective sanctions against the occupation. We have also declared that if the Israeli judicial system does not bring to justice senior Israeli officials who are suspected of grave war crimes, we may seek their indictment outside Israel. Note: Yesh Gvul also regards attacks on Israeli civilians as war crimes.

We are willing to work together with groups abroad to promote our cause, which is in the best interest of Israeli society.

ZOCHROT
www.zochrot.org
Zochrot (“Remembering”) is a group of Israeli citizens working to raise awareness of the Nakba, the Palestinian catastrophe of 1948.
The Zionist collective memory exists in both our cultural and physical landscape, yet the heavy price paid by the Palestinians—in lives, in the destruction of hundreds of villages, and in the continuing plight of the Palestinian refugees—receives little public recognition.

Zochrot works to make the history of the Nakba accessible to the Israeli public so as to engage Jews and Palestinians in an open recounting of our painful common history. We hope that by bringing the Nakba into Hebrew, the language spoken by the Jewish majority in Israel, we can make a qualitative change in the political discourse of this region. Acknowledging the past is the first step in taking responsibility for its consequences. This must include equal rights for all the peoples of this land, including the right of Palestinians to return to their homes.